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12/09/2013

Poor food choices cause dental problems in UK children

A recently published survey has suggested that UK parents may put the oral health of their children at risk by giving them the wrong foods and drinks. Among other findings, the survey revealed that almost two-thirds of the children aged 12 to 18 months consumed sugary food, preserves and confectionery on a daily basis. The investigators observed that the mean consumption of sugar, preserves and confectionery ranged from 3 to 8 g per day. Moreover, the proportion of children consuming these foods increased with age dental instrument: 7 per cent of those aged 4 to 6 months were consuming these foods, compared with 62 per cent of those aged 12 to 18 months. Similar results were found for savoury snacks. In addition, they observed an increasing number of children consuming fruit juices and soft drinks, which have been associated with dental erosion by a number of studies dental scaler. About 8 per cent of the children aged 4 to 6 months consumed 11 g of juice daily. This number rose to 26 per cent for those aged 12 to 18 months, who had a mean daily intake of 50 g. The proportion of children consuming soft drinks ranged from 6 to 26 per cent, with a mean daily consumption of 43 g for the children aged 4 to 6 months dental scalers, increasing to 158 g for those aged 12 to 18 months.

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Alternative materials to amalgam for fillings

Alternative materials to amalgam for fillings may have less negative impact on human health and the environment, according to a recently published report. The Health Care Research Collaborative report compared mercury-based dental fillings with alternatives currently available in the U.S. and found that the effects of mercury outweigh the known effects of resin-based composites and glass ionomer fillings. "We found no evidence of a negative effect on patients' health from either mercury amalgam or the alternatives used in restoration dental instruments. Yet the alternatives were less hazardous to the general environment and the public's health," said Dr. Peter Orris, co-author of the report and professor of occupational and environmental health sciences. On the basis of the current findings, mercury dental amalgam use contributes significantly to the environmental mercury burden and damages fetal neurological development during pregnancy ultrasonic scaler, according to the investigators. According to the report, dental offices were the source of 50 percent of all mercury pollution in 2003. In addition, the Environmental Protection Agency estimates that approximately 122,000 dental offices discharge about 3.7 tons of mercury each year. ultrasonic scalers

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Dental erosion and hypersensitivity in Europe

Today, at the first scientific symposium of the 101st FDI Annual World Dental Congress, dental experts presented the findings of a new study that aimed to establish the prevalence of dental erosion, hypersensitivity and tooth wear in young adults in Europe. The study is the first of its kind. The Epidemiology Study on Non-Carious Cervical Lesions and Associated Risk Factors (ESCARCEL) was conducted among 3,187 dental patients aged 18 to 35 in the UK, Italy, France, Finland, Latvia and Estonia, who were examined by over 90 dentists in general practices dental equipment. To determine the prevalence of tooth wear, the researchers used the Basic Erosive Wear Examination (BEWE), a scoring system that grades the appearance or severity of wear on the teeth from no surface loss (0); initial loss of enamel surface texture (1); distinct defect, hard tissue loss (dentine) less than 50 per cent of the surface area (2); or hard tissue loss more than 50 per cent of the surface area (3). According to Prof. David Bartlett ultrasonic dental scaler, head of prosthodontics at King’s College London, tooth wear is a growing problem in Europe, as 26 per cent of the participants had a BEWE score of 2 and 27 per cent a score of 3, for example. However, there were large regional differences. In the UK, 47 per cent had a score of 2, but only 7 per cent had a BEWE score of 3. On the other hand, in Italy, almost 20 per cent had a score of 3, while 19 per cent had a score of 2 dental ultrasonic scaler. Latvia, Estonia and Finland had the lowest prevalence of a score of 3.

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